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Bipolar Disorders Rockville MD

What is Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar Disorder causes significant and dramatic changes in your mood and energy levels. These changes are disruptive to your life and can negatively impact your ability to manage everyday life.

The three types of bipolar disorder are:

Bipolar Disorders Rockville MD

What is Bipolar I Disorder?

The lifetime prevalence of Bipolar I Disorder is 1%. Bipolar I Disorder occurs in both men and women at equal rates. Patients with Bipolar I Disorder have suffered at least one manic episode in their life. A manic episode is defined as an abnormally and persistently elevated, expansive or irritable mood, along with persistently increased goal-directed activity or energy for at least 1 week in duration or less if the patient requires inpatient psychiatric hospitalization. Other associated symptoms of a manic episode can include: inflated self-esteem or grandiosity, decreased need for sleep, more talkative or pressure to keep talking, flight of ideas or subjective racing thoughts, distractibility, and engaging in activities with high potential for adverse consequences.

Bipolar Disorder

What is Bipolar II Disorder?

The lifetime prevalence of Bipolar II Disorder is 1.1%. Patients with Bipolar II Disorder have experienced at least one hypomanic episode. Symptoms of a hypomanic episode include the same symptoms as those of a manic episode; except the severity of the symptoms tends to be milder and occur for at least 4 days. In addition to experiencing at least one hypomanic episode, patients with Bipolar II Disorder have experienced at least one major depressive episode. A major depressive episode is defined as having at least five of following symptoms during a two-week period and signify a change from previous functioning:

Depressed mood most of the day, nearly every day
Significantly diminished interest or pleasure in all, or almost all, activities most of the day, nearly every day
Significant weight loss when not dieting or weight gain / Decrease or increase in appetite nearly every day
Insomnia (difficulty sleeping) or hypersomnia (sleeping too much) nearly every day

Significantly decreased or increased mental and physical activity nearly every day

Fatigue or loss of energy nearly every day
Feelings of worthlessness / Excessive or inappropriate guilt
Diminished ability to think or concentrate nearly every day
Recurrent thoughts of death, recurrent suicidal ideation without a specific plan, a suicide attempt, or a specific plan for committing suicide
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What is Cyclothymic Disorder?

The lifetime prevalence of Cyclothymic Disorder is 1%. For at least two years, patient with Cyclothymic Disorder can have numerous periods with hypomanic symptoms that do not meet full criteria for a hypomanic episode, and also have numerous periods with depressive symptoms that do not meet full criteria for a major depressive episode. Symptoms have been present at least half the time and the patient has not been without symptoms for more than 2 months at a time.

How is Bipolar Disorder treated?

Bipolar Disorder is typically treated with mood stabilizers or 2nd generation antipsychotics. Implementing certain techniques from Cognitive Behavioral Therapy can also be useful in managing Bipolar Disorder.

Anxiety Problem Rockville MD